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Ideas for colonial activities
This article shares dozens of interestingColonial activities for children!They are fun activities that help children learn more about themselves.Colonial history in the United States.
Children love learning about our colonial past.
The best way to teach them more about colonial history is throughcolonial activities for children,because they are very funny and attractive. These activities are perfect for November, Thanksgiving, President's Day, and any other patriotic holiday.
To help you plan your colonial-themed day, we've rounded up 33 different colonial activities, including colonial crafts, colonial food recipes, colonial clothing ideas, and colonial games for kids.Your children will have fun learning what colonial children did to keep themselves occupied.
This article will be useful if you are looking for:
- Colonial Essence Recipes
- colonial clothes for children
- Colonial Craft Ideas
- papel colonialartistic ideas
- colonial child labor
This first page of this category contains ideas and activities related to the colonial era.Games, food, crafts, literacy, discussion and more!
Brief history and information.about daily colonial life, school, food and clothing. Be sure to check out page 2 - the data collected is not only informative, but will also help you get the most out of a ColonialTheme.
the thirteen colonies
Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire
Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine
Colonia de Rhode Island y Providence Plantations, mais tarde Rhode Island y Providence Plantations Colony of Connecticut, depois Connecticut
Province of New York, then New York and Vermont
Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey
Province of Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania
Delaware Colony later Delaware
Province of Maryland, later Maryland
Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later Virginia, Kentucky, and West Virginia
Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee
Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina
Georgia Province, later Georgia
Formerly, the cities were generally called provinces, and from 1776 alsobecame known as states.
Here are some delicious colonial meal ideas that the kids will love!
- gingerbread cake
- pumpkin pie
- cotton candy
- Sautéed Pompion (Pumpkin)
- it was johnny(recipe below)
- Hobnob-Bikes y Applejack-Bikes(recipe below)
- corn bread or muffins
- Apple Butter Bread
- baked beans
- corn on the cob
- Fried or stewed chicken
- old fashioned candy canes
- fruit tarts and tarts
COLONIAL FOOD RECIPES
1) PREPARE COLONIAL JOHNNY CAKES
during the colonial period,it was johnnyprobably appeared at every meal. The original name "travel cakes" is thought by many to be due to the fact that they were taken on trips so often that they could be slipped into the pockets of a traveler. Try them hot or cold, with butter and syrup.
1 cup of yellow cornmeal
1/2 teaspoon salt
1 cup of boiling water
1/2 cup of milk
Mix the cornmeal and salt.
Add boiling water and stir until smooth.
Add the milk. Mix well.
Grease a heavy 12-inch skillet. Place over medium heat.
Pour teaspoons of the batter into the pan. Bake for about five minutes until golden. Gently flip the cakes with a metal spatula.
Fry the other side for five minutes.
Serve the cakes warm with butter and maple syrup. Makes 12-15 cakes. Source: Colonial Kitchen
2) OLD COLONIAL NEW ENGLAND BISCUITS
1 cup brown sugar
1/2 cup shortening (margarine)
1 1/2 cups flour
1/2 TL. backsoda
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon lower leg
1/2 teaspoon nutmeg
Add 1 teaspoon to the HOBNOB BISCUITS. vanilla and 1/2 teaspoon raisins.
For APPLEJACKS, add 1 cup chopped unpeeled apples.
Beat sugar and vegetable fat.
Add the egg (and vanilla if making hobnobs). hits well
Mix the dry ingredients in another container.
Slowly add to the sugar mixture, beating well after each addition.
Add raisins or apples.
Grease the baking sheet.
Roll into small balls or place on greased sheet into balls 3 inches apart.
Bake at 375 degrees for 12-15 minutes.
COLONIAL FOOD PRESERVATION
Most of the food a peasant family needs was produced seasonally on their own farm and had to be preserved for future use.Summer and autumn were the busiest times for food preservation.: The fullness of these seasons provided the long winter and spring. The woman uses methods derived from tradition, experience and newspapers.cookbooks.
3) COLONIAL FOOD PRESERVATION - DRIED APPLES
Apple corer, apples, string, knife or vegetable peeler
Core the apples with the corer.
Peel the apples and cut them into slices with the hole in the middle.
Thread a string through the apple rings.
Hang the apples to dry. This will take about three weeks.
If they are dry, try storing them in paper bags until spring and use them in a recipe. Before using, soak dried apples in warm water until soft and use like fresh apples in pies or sauces.
4) COLONIAL RECIPE - HOMEMADE BUTTER
baby food bottles
a bowl of ice cream
Small bowl for buttering ice cream
Spoon for pressing butter into a bowl
1. Add 2 tablespoons of whipped cream to each jar of baby food. Put the lid on tight and shake as much as possible.
2. Remove cap and drain excess liquid.
3. Put the butter in the smaller container and place this container in the container with ice.
4. When the butter has cooled, press it against the side of the bowl again to remove any remaining liquid.
5. At the end, enjoy a good bread or bun!
Tip: To speed up the process, you can add a marble to the jar while you shake it!
5) COLONIAL BLUEBERRY DRINK
it iswampanoag-indianthey called the cranberry "Sasemin" and made a juice out of it, which they sweetened with maple syrup or honey.
6) CRANBERRY APFEL CRISP COLONIAL AMERICANO
3 cups apple slices, 2 cups fresh or frozen blueberries, 2 tablespoons honey, 1/3 cup butter or margarine, 1 cup rolled oats, 1/2 cup whole wheat flour, 1/2 cup 2 cups brown sugar, 1/2 cup chopped walnuts, 1/2 Tbsp. vanilla
Mix apple slices, blueberries and honey. In a separate bowl, prepare the topping. Mix butter, oats, flour and sugar until crumbly. Add the nuts and vanilla. Place apple-cranberry mixture in 11 3/4" x 7 1/2" bowl. Apply coverage. Bake 350 about 50 minutes or until fruit is tender. If the mixture gets too dry, pour some hot water over it.
Those:weg of a writer
Original source: The Good Country; Native American Foods and Early Colonization by Patricia B. Mitchell
Native Americans and colonial America also used cranberries as a remedy for cuts and arrow wounds. Fruit puree was placed on open wounds to extract the poison we call bacteria.
In addition, blueberries were also used as a dye for blankets and carpets. The berry grows in southern parts of North Carolina and West Virginia and was considered a symbol of peace by the Delaware tribe of New Jersey.
7) AUTHENTIC COLONIAL APPLE BUTTER RECIPE
Ingredients:4 lbs. apples, 1/4 cup water, 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar, 1/2 cup brown sugar, 1 teaspoon cinnamon, 1/2 teaspoon cloves (ground), and peeled apple quarters ; chop or add to a blender with water and vinegar.
Cook in a skillet over low heat until the mixture thickens and turns golden.
Stir occasionally. This takes 2-3 hours (1/4 the time in a microwave oven).
Add the sugar and spices and continue cooking for 1/2 hour.
Refrigerate and spread on toast or muffins.
8) COLONIAL APPLE BUTTER RECIPE #2
6 pounds tart apples
6 cups of cider or apple juice
3 cups of sugar
2 teaspoons of ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon ground cloves
Peel and cut the apples in quarters; In a large heavy pot, simmer the apple cider until just tender, about 30 minutes. Press through a food factory. Boil gently for 30 minutes; stir frequently. Add sugar and spices. Boil and stir over low heat until the sugar dissolves. Cook over low heat, stirring constantly, until desired thickness is achieved, about 1 hour. Pour into hot 1/2 liter jars and cover. Process in a boiling water bath for 10 minutes. (Start timing after the water boils again.) Makes 8 pints.
9) STEAMED PUMPKIN PUDDING - AUTHENTIC COLONIAL RECIPE
6 tablespoons of butter
3/4 cup brown sugar
1/4 cup granulated sugar
11/2 cups of wheat flour
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon bicarbonate of soda
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1/2 teaspoon ground ginger
1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
3/4 cup cooked or canned pumpkin puree
1/2 cup butter
Beat butter and sugar until fluffy. Beat the eggs. Mix the flour, salt, cinnamon, ginger and nutmeg. Add pumpkin and buttermilk; add to the creamed mixture alternating with the dry ingredients, mixing well after each addition. Place in a greased and floured 6 1/2 cup pie plate. Cover tightly with aluminum foil. Bake 350 for an hour. Leave for 10 minutes. unmold Serve with whipped cream. For 12 to 16 people.
10) SUCCOTASH RECIPE FOR KIDS
2 cups of fresh or frozen broad beans
2 ounces salt pork
1/2 cup of water
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/2 teaspoon of sugar
2 cups fresh or frozen whole corn
1/3 cup light cream
1 tablespoon of wheat flour
In a saucepan, combine the beans, pork, water, salt, sugar, and pepper. Cover; cook until beans are almost tender. mix the corn. Cover and cook until vegetables are soft. Remove the cured meat. Slowly mix the cream into the flour. Add to vegetables. Cook and stir until thick and bubbly. served 6
COLONIAL LIFE AND DISCUSSION ACTIVITIES
11) COLONIAL WRITING ACTIVITY
Have the children write their names using a FEATHER PEN and parchment paper.
Make a quill (valid for older teens only)
Materials: Large goose, swan, or turkey feathers from the craft store, pocket knife, erasable ink
Cut 1/4 inch from the back of the feather. Then cut about 1/2 inch off the front, making a point. Adjust as necessary to obtain a proper point of writing. Pour some erasable ink into a container and try new pens. Most will find writing with the new pen a challenge!
12) START A COLONIAL JOURNAL/DIARY
As well asNoah Webstertat!
Noah Webster wrote in his diary almost every day of his life. The following are excerpts from his diary.
Share them with your group and instruct the children to create their own! You don't need to write much. Just join and have fun. It will be a fond memory for years to come...
EXAMPLE FROM NOAH WEBSTER'S DIARY...
- 1784, August 10. Have fun reading books and playing the flute.
- 1784, September 29. He rode to the West Division with Mrs. Fish to buy peaches. returned and
dined at Mr. Pratt's. We eat sea turtles.
- 1784, October 25. The idea came up to have a dance tomorrow.
- 1784, October 26. Many people attended the dance. It was very funny!
- October 27, 1784. Very tired of dancing.
- 1784, December 1. I went to West Division to celebrate Thanksgiving.
- 1784, December 2. As usual, I spent Thanksgiving at my dad's house with my brother Charles and my sisters.
WHO WAS NOAH WEBSTER?
Noah Webster (October 16, 1758 – May 28, 1843) was an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English spelling reformer, political writer, publisher, and prolific author. He has been called the "father of American science and education." His blue-covered spelling books taught five generations of children in the United States to spell and read and made elementary education more secular and less religious. In the United States, his name has become synonymous with "dictionary", notably the modern Merriam-Webster dictionary, first published in 1828 as the American Dictionary of the English Language. Font:Wikipedia
13) LEARN SOME COLONIAL NURSING
The children of the colony, like the children of today, also told storieschildren's poetryand tongue twisters.Click here for the KidActivities Super Tongue Twister and Tongue Twister games!
14) COLONIAL SONGS FOR CHILDREN
The children also enjoyed singing along and playing games like "London Bridge is Falling Down" and "Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush". You can even teach the kids the song of the 13 colonies (sung to the Yankee Doodle tune).
15) LEARN SOME COLONIAL TASKS FOR KIDS
Note: There is also a lot of good information available.Page 2on family life and child labor in colonial America.
Some of the things kids did back then may be the same things kids do today. Unlike today, many of thechildren in colonial timeshe received no salary or allowance for household chores, but had to work at home like everyone else to "earn a living". That is, they worked to eat, have a good place to sleep and help the family.
See how many of these activities your kids are doing to help around the house...
1. Help the mother with the laundry
2. Collect the eggs laid by the chickens; collect acorns to feed the pigs; spread fodder to feed the chickens; milk the cows
3. Working with the mother in the garden or scaring away the birds that eat the seeds planted in the father's fields.
4. Babysitting or caring for younger children at home
5. Get water for cooking, washing dishes, washing your face and doing laundry
6. Bring firewood to cook, wash and heat the apartment
7. Help mom cook, keep food for the winter... or turn the vegetables in the cellar (underground cold storage) to keep them from spoiling
8. Visit the sick; The children were instructed to visit sick relatives and neighbors to bring them joy and news from the outside world, as well as bring sweets or things to help them feel better.
9. Go to the market or store to exchange items for the family; Deliver the products that the family sells in the store or buy necessary things at home.
10. Sewing items for the family, such as B. – mending (darning) holes in socks; carding (like hair brushing) of sheep's wool, which is turned into yarn; Weaving of narrow ribbons (strong threads used to tie clothing and other items); mesh
10. And yuck... how about this one! Empty urinals (no indoor toilets)
Some youth may also start learning about the family business at a very young age.
Example: blacksmith, tinsmith, miller, or working with a doctor or merchant. If the family knew someone in the village who could teach some of these things, the children could be sent to live with them and learn the trade as apprentices.
COLONIAL GAMES FOR CHILDREN
Colonial life was full of work, but it was not always difficult or boring. Early Americans knew how to turn work into fun by singing or telling stories, holding contests, or helping to spin or quilt bees. Some liked to dance to the violin and flute. They enjoyed the time they spent playing.
Colonial used to play outdoor games that did not require toys. Many of the games we play today have changed little over the centuries, and these activities give you an idea of just how old some of today's pastimes are.
CHILDREN WANT…(Instructions for most games are below.)
• Speech hiding place
•Jogar Jackstones (Jacks)
• Play "Scotch-Hoppers" or as we know it, "Scotch Hop".
They also liked...
• Pipe loosening
• Play with string and build a Jacob's ladder/cat bed
•Springseil(See jump rope category)• Pop bubbles
• Play on a seesawand swing
•Some children had rocking horses and used bows and arrows...
The following games belong to the category KidActivities Outdoor Games
16) COLONIAL TAG GAME FOR KIDS
It is best played with lots of hiding places. The person who is the counter (or finder) stands next to a specific tree and closes their eyes while counting to ______. The rest of the players run and hide. When the seeker finishes counting, he calls out "Ready or not, here I come!" and starts looking for everyone else. The goal of the hiders is to go back and touch the tree before they get caught. Those who are marked before touching the tree are also "it" and join the seeker. The last one to reach or be tagged in the tree is the Seeker of the next game.
17) COLONIAL GAMES FOR KIDS - "T" DAY
This game is played like traditional tag.
The number of children playing determines the number of "STIs" you have, usually between 1 and 3.
Change your "it" every ______ minutes.
When tagging children, they should remain still and extend their arms in a "T" position.
They are released from this "Frozen T" position when another child passes under their arms.
18) ELBOW TAG - AMERICAN COLONIAL STYLE
Divide the children into pairs, leaving one child who is "it" and one child who is chased first.
Have each group of partners put their elbows together, and all pairs form a large circle, leaving 10 feet between each pair.
'He' runs after the other 'elbowless' child within the circle, as in a traditional game of tag.
When the chased kid needs a break, he can run up to two kids and nudge one of them.
The child of the couple who was NOT connected to the bullied child is now a new target for "it" and must be disconnected quickly to avoid being tagged for "it".
19) SIMPLE COLONIAL GAMES FOR KIDS - HOP SCOTCH
Gear:plaster, stones, chalk
Draw the design with chalk – from bottom to top –
3 simple squares, 1 double square, 2 simple squares, 1 double square, 1 simple square.
Number the squares.
The two basic rules of Hop Scotch are:
1) Only one foot in each square.
2) Jump on the square with the stone on it.
Use a stone to shoot the first square.
Jump to the square with the stone with one foot.
Land with two feet in the double houses.
In the second round, he throws the stone in the second square, and so on.
The tricky part is standing on one foot when the stone is on one of the adjacent squares.
If you have a sidewalk, you can also play by marking two sidewalk squares with an "X" from corner to corner on each square.
The part of the "X" section closest to you (at the bottom) would be #1...
#2 would be right above
#3 is to the left of #2 - and #4 is above the "X"
Mark the square above - with the numbers 5, 6, 7 and 8... Continue playing as above.
20) CEGO-BLUFF COLONIAL
This game doesn't really have a goal, but it's fun.
One person puts on a blindfold while the others go around it several times.
The blindfolded person is led around the yard in winding circles, etc. -until you reach her destination.
The blindfolded person can guess where they are, and the blindfold is removed to reveal their location.
21) COLONIAL GAMES FOR CHILDREN - PLAY JACKSTONES (JACKS)
The game that the settlers called Jackstones is now known as Jacks. You can buy a kit that includes six 6-point metal sockets. Or you can do like colonial kids and use six pebbles, pumpkin seeds, or other small objects all the same size.
One set contains a small bouncy ball, but any small ball with a good bounce will do. Or, like the colonial kids, use a smooth round stone. When using a stone, throw it into the air instead of trying to bounce it.
GENERAL RULES for boys
There are over 100 different jack games, but most follow these basic rules.
1. Two or more people can play inside or outside.
2. Toss: A player tosses the ball into the air, scatters the balls, and catches the ball with a jump.
The player wants the jacks to fall together, but not so much that it is difficult to catch them individually. Even if the player doesn't like the landing, he must play the jacks while they lie down.
3. During the game, the player must catch the jacks and catch the ball in a jump with the same hand.
4. When collecting jacks, the player can only collect the ones that he collects. If the player moves or touches others, their turn is over.
5. Each player has only one try in each game. If it fails, it is the next player's turn.
6. If a player makes a mistake and loses his turn, on the next turn he returns to the beginning of the turn in which he made the mistake.
PLAY ONE TO SIX(also called Onesies, Twosies)
Hint: Remember that at the start, the first player throws the ball, spreads the jots, and catches the ball with a hop. The ball can only bounce once; If a stone is used, the stone is thrown into the air and must be
catch before you drop.
Player 1 throws the ball again, catches a ball, and then catches the ball.
a blow with the same hand. Player 1 then moves the jack to the other hand and repeats the game, again taking a jack. Player 1 continues until all six jacks are taken one after the other.
•For two (two people):
Player 1 bounces the ball, catches two jacks, catches the ball in a jump with the same hand, and then catches the jacks with the other hand. Player 1 continues until he takes all six jacks, two by two.
•For three (three):
Player 1 bounces the ball, catches three jacks, catches the ball in a jump with the same hand. He then places the jacks in his other hand and repeats the game to take the remaining three jacks.
Player 1 takes four jacks on one turn and two on the next turn.
•For Fivesies: Player 1 takes five jacks at a time, then one jack on the next turn.
•For six (six):
Player 1 takes all six jacks at once and catches the ball with a jump.
with the same hand.
A player who goes from one to six without fail is the winner, but that player can break even if another player also has a perfect round. Remember, if a player loses a round, they start the next round at the start of the bug. For example, if the mistake was made in a three of a kind, the player starts over from the beginning of the three of a kind. To see other variations of Jack visitsmall group games🇧🇷 Jack's is page 40 at the bottom.
22) COLONIAL FROG JUMPING GAME
1. If you are playing in a group of more than three players, start by lining up.
2. The first person in line takes a few steps forward and then leans over to make the first frog.
3. The next person in line jumps over the first frog, takes a few more steps, then crouches down to do the second frog.
4. The third person in line must run and jump frogs one and two and then crouch down to do the third frog.
5. This continues until all players have jumped.
This can be played with a line or in teams.
If you are playing with 2 or 3 kids in a row, enter a MATH component into Leap Frog and MEASURE HOW MUCH each kid jumps!
23) CLASSIC COLONIAL GAME - HIDE AND SEEK
First you choose someone to be "It" (the person you are looking for).
While on a "base", "It" turns around and counts with his eyes closed. The rest of the players hide. (A number is specified by the players)
When that number is reached, "It" says "Ready or not, here I come" and runs off to find everyone.
Players either try to get to base without getting tagged, or they are the new "it". If the person who is "it" doesn't find anyone in three tries, he can choose a child to be it!
COLONIAL CARD GAMES
Most colonial CARD GAMES were designed for adults and were not considered children's games. If the kidsplayed with cardsIt was like a lot of kids do nowadays, stacking them up into a "house" of cards.
24) CARDBOARD COLONIAL TOWERS
Take a deck or cards (or more) and use them to build a tower. Lean one card against the other and form a triangle with the table or floor.
Create a second triangle a few inches to the left or right of the first and connect the two with a card placed on top.
See how tall you can make your tower. This can be doneAs an individual, I equip or compete.
OTHER COLONIAL ACTIVITIES FOR CHILDREN
25) COLONIAL PUZZLES FOR KIDS
Can you believe puzzles have been around since the 1760s? A man named John Spilsbury, an engraver and cartographer from London, mounted maps of England on fine pieces of mahogany and then carefully cut out the outlines of the counties.
Around the same time, in France, a man who worked for the king made a similar game and thus the puzzle was born. These map puzzles, or "dissected maps," were soon used with colonial American children to teach them what each county looked like and which counties were adjacent. It wasn't until the 1840s that puzzles began to have "brittle" or interlocking pieces like most puzzles today.
Card puzzles were the most popular puzzles, but by 1787 puzzles with images of different kings were also being made. What did Mr. Spilsbury think of all the different kinds of puzzles we have today?
26) PLACE AN APPLE ORDER - COLONIAL STYLE
(These are traditionally made with oranges today, but apples were used in colonial times.)
An orchard ball was a large apple with cloves inside to give it a pleasant smell.
Materials: Large apple, box of cloves, cinnamon, a plastic mesh bag, ribbon or string
1. Poke several small holes in the skin of an apple with a fork.
2. Insert a nail into each of the holes. Do this until the entire apple is covered with the cloves.
3. Place the apple in a bowl and sprinkle a little cinnamon on top. Put the ball in a cool place for a few days.
4. To hang the ball, cut the ends of the net and make it about 10 centimeters long.
5. Slide the ball into the net. Tie a bow with twine at the top and bottom of the hammock.
6. Cut an 18-inch piece of wire. Tie a knot into a 6-inch loop.
7. At the end of the pomander ball, tie a knot from the remaining thread and hang it up.
27) COLONIAL CORN FLOUR
2 cups of cornmeal
1 cup of salt
Mix the cornmeal, salt, and paint with enough water to create a dough texture.
NOTE: Michele Ridgeway made a commentFacebook page for children's activities.…It comes out like wet cornmeal and salt, not mushy at all. The kids loved petting the trays and squishing them and it smells so good. I didn't add color because we are talking about the harvest and Native Americans in our classroom. I will post again tomorrow. The children helped in the preparation, because the recipe is quite simple. Thank you very much (Thanks Michael!)
ACTIVITIES OF COLONIAL WORKER BEES
(Not "bug bees" but where small groups of people work together!)
When colonial families faced a difficult task, they made the job easier and more enjoyable by working together.
They bred flax bees, steppe bees and corn bees.(A colonial quilting activity - to simulate a bee - is below)
One family housed the "bee" and they all worked together and told stories or sang songs. In the evening, after work, the host family served a big meal and the children played games.
28) COLONIAL CRAFTS FOR KIDS - MAKE A COLONIAL BLANKET
For colonial women, making quilts wasn't just about making a used household item. Quilts were an inexpensive use of leftover fabric, a form of decoration, and an expression of pride. In colonial times, when each piece of cloth brought from Europe cost an opulent price, any cropped garment was worth as much as its equivalent in the garment itself, thus the Crazy Patch quilt was invented.
Each piece of fabric was sewn together so that not a single thread of the precious material was wasted. It was mainly made of silk, ribbons, wool, and velvet. Not only was it the humblest of all quilts, but it also served to keep the family warm on those cold winter nights. The ladies traded elaborate patterns, each with its own name, such as houndstooth, Chinese puzzle, love knot, and sunflower. Groups of women would gather around bee quilts for several days and work together to make a beautiful quilt.
29) COLONIAL CARDBOARD BLANKET
20 x 20 cm pieces of white oak label, crayons or markers to decorate your squares, wires
Your squares should represent yourself. Draw your favorite food... write your name in calligraphy... draw a picture of a colonial craft item or someone using the craft item.
When the squares are ready, poke holes at the edges and tie them with thread. Source: ColonialFair (ColonialFair website has been removed)
COLONIAL KIDS ALSO USED “NATURAL MATERIALS” FOR FUN!
- MORECOBS…Cobs were cut into pieces and used as building blocks
- SHELL…Used as plates for dolls or in heaven and hell
- LION FLOWERS / WILD FLOWERSUsed to make necklaces and bracelets…
Remove dandelions from the lawn. Choose those with long, thick stems.
Secure them by tying a stem in a high knot near the flower head of another dandelion, and so on until the desired length is reached.
TIP: Remind children that their new necklaces/crowns are made of grass and will wither in a day or two, but they can always make a new one.
- THE WALNUTS were cut in half and then browned and hung on the Christmas trees.
- FRUIT BONES were used as counters in games.
- The gourds were hollowed out and then blown to make a noise.
- PRESSED FLOWERS were used for designs or images
30) COLONIAL CRAFTS - PETAL PRESS NOTES OR PHOTOS
Type of activity: Nature Art
Old phone book, collection of colorful leaves, grasses, flowers, herbs,
Craft glue, plain cards/postcards/watercolor paper.
1. On a clear, dry day, take a nature walk. Collect all the attractive flowers, leaves, grass and herbs.
2. Separate each stem or flower. Place each between the pages of the phone book, keeping them well separated.
3. Store the phone book in a cool, dry place for a week to ten days. Your leaves will be completely dry and ready to use.
4. Gently apply glue, just a little bit, to the back of the dried leaf or flower.
5. Center a note card for a single drawing or arrange several as a collage on a piece of watercolor paper that can be framed later.
6. Your sheet press can be used multiple times. Flowers can be kept in it for several months.
- KNIFE... most of the guys had a razor. It was used to make toys and housework. The name "Jack Knife" comes from saying "Jack's Knife".
- APPLES... APPLE DOLLS are folk dolls that date back to early rural America, when settlers made dolls out of whatever was on hand. Apple dolls are made by carving a face into an apple and drying it. Due to the different drying effects, no two dolls are the same.
31) COLONIAL CRAFTS - MAKE SHRINK APPLE HEADS
Pick the biggest, firmest apples you can find. Apples shrink a lot as they dry out, so you want to make sure they're big enough to start with. Firm apples are easier to carve and dry much better.
•The first step in making wilted apple heads is to peel the apples. You can discourage them if you want, but it is not required. Then brush the peeled apple with a mixture of lemon juice and salt. The lemon juice and salt mixture will help prevent the apples from turning as brown as they normally would during drying.
•Next, take a knife and cut out the outline of a face on one side of the apple. Don't go into too much detail because when the apple dries all the little details will be lost. Focus on creating large features like the eye sockets, nose, and mouth. Example: To make a wilted apple for a witch's head, you'd probably carve a large nose, two deep holes for the eye sockets, and a mocking hole for the mouth. Keep the shapes you sculpt simple and larger than you think they need to be, as they will shrink as they dry.
•Place the carved apples somewhere dry and out of the way. Rotate them every few days, within about 2 weeks they will have shrunk into scary little faces. If you want, you can speed up the drying time by placing them on a baking sheet in the oven on the lowest setting or using a food dehydrator, although they will still take a while to dry out and wilt.
• You can make a body by placing the heads in small bottles (shampoo, detergent, etc.). Make a dress with a piece of cloth. You can even use a small clip to make glasses.
COLONIAL ART – TREASURE TICKET
Silhouettes are a type of silhouette. They were made for centuries and became very popular during George Washington's lifetime. Before cameras that took photos were invented, the only way to take a photo of a person was to have a painting or sketch of that person. If you can't paint a portrait yourself, or can't afford an expensive portrait, you can do a cheaper version, a silhouette.
A silhouette traced the outline of a person's profile. Although it didn't show a person's hair or eye color, it remembered what the person's face shape looked like. Because the silhouettes required little skill, once a person's shadow was shown on a canvas and the outline was painted, they were inexpensive to produce. In addition to a painted version, other silhouette makers can cut out a person's profile from black paper and glue the black shape onto white paper. These artisans could look at a person and cut out a silhouette to the shape of their face without first tracing.
Some simple machines (such as a pantograph, which uses two pegs attached to grids and moved at the same time) have been used to create or resize copies of a silhouette. Such copies were usually made by famous people and could be distributed to their many admirers.ushistory.org
32) CREATE YOUR OWN SILHOUETTE - VERSION #1
Materials: 2 pieces of white cardboard.
1 piece of black cardboard
Lantern or table lamp with shade removed
- Tape a piece of white construction paper to the wall.
- Have the person sit sideways facing the paper; have someone use the light to cast a shadow from the profile on the paper.
- Follow the profile.
- Transfer the outline to black paper and cut out.
- Paste the profile on the other white paper.
33) CREATE YOUR OWN SILHOUETTE! VERSION 2
To make the silhouette of your friends and family, place a piece of black construction paper on a hard surface such as a door or wall. Have your subject (person) sit in a chair facing the paper and shine a light on the other side of the person so that the subject's shadow appears on the paper. Draw the shadow of the person on the paper with a piece of white chalk. Remove the wallpaper and carefully cut along the chalk line. Attach the cutout to a sheet of white paper. (Place the chalk side down so no streaks show on the finished page.) You now have a finished silhouette!
You can also trace the shadow with a pencil on a white piece of paper. After tracing, color in the outlines with a black pencil or felt-tip pen.
Colonial daily life, school, food and clothing. Be sure to check both sides. The combined data is not only informative, but will help you get the most out of this theme!
The photo to the left shows the Noah Webster House built around 1748. It is the restored birthplace and childhood home of the great lexicographer Noah Webster. The house was once part of a 120-acre farm.
This is a late 18th century tobacco farm in Virginia. It's Turkey Run's Claude Moore Colonial Farm, a living history museum showing what low-income family life was like in colonial days...
COLONIAL AMERICA: 1607 to 1776
Colonial America generally refers to the period before the American Revolution, dating back to the establishment of North American settlements controlled by various European powers, including France, Spain, the Netherlands, and especially Great Britain. It began in 1607 and ended with the start of the American Revolution and the subsequent founding of the independent United States of America.
THE FIRST PERMANENT AGREEMENTin North America in 1607 there was the British colony of Jamestown in what is now the state of Virginia. Though questionably successful, Jamestown laid the foundation for other chartered raids into the New World, including the famous Mayflower Pilgrims that followed in 1620 seeking refuge from religious persecution and settling near Plymouth Rock on the Massachusetts coast.
Prosperous British colonies sprang up in quick succession along the Atlantic coast, from Maine in the north to Georgia in the south. Swedish and Dutch colonies also sprang up around New Amsterdam in what is now upstate New York, while France and Spain slowly expanded their vast territories to the north, south, and west.
As more and more people arrived in the New World, territorial disputes inevitably arose between competing European powers, as well as with the various Native American tribes whose homelands had been appropriated by Europeans. The history of colonial America was one of continued expansion, hardship and privation, prosperity, and murderous wars. At the end of that period, Great Britain and France were the two continental powers with the largest possessions in eastern North America.
These two nations fought for control of eastern North America in what became known as the French and Indian War (1754-1763). The British won the war and gained control of valuable French settlements in Canada, as well as control of their own highly productive colonies that stretched south into Canada along the east coast. These thirteen colonies included Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia and would soon join forces in a War of Independence from Great Britain. .
What are the thirteen colonies?
The thirteen semi-autonomous colonies can be divided into three general regions: New England, the Central Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Life in each region tended to develop from the opportunities offered by the country itself.
THE COLONIES OF NEW ENGLAND…
it consisted largely of farming and fishing communities. Commodities such as corn and wheat grew in abundance, with much of it shipped abroad. Due to its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and abundance of natural harbors and inland waterways, New England became the center of transportation and trade between colonial America and Europe, with Boston becoming its dominant port.
THE MIDDLE COLONIES…
they were partly agricultural and partly industrial. Wheat, barley, and other long grains thrived in the mountainous lands of Pennsylvania and New York. Foundries in Maryland produced pig iron, while mills in Pennsylvania produced paper and textiles. Raw materials and bulk goods were shipped abroad, and trade was abundant.
THE SOUTHERN COLONIES...
devoted almost exclusively to large-scale, labour-intensive agricultural production, a hallmark of which became the development of plantations, large privately owned parcels consisting of arable land dedicated almost exclusively to cash crops of high quality. , indigo and cotton. Plantations served as agricultural factories whose production demands drove landowners to maximize profitability in high-risk ventures. Thus, in 1639, the tragic trade in human slavery, long a staple of the British Empire, was introduced, rapidly spreading across the South along with the geometric rise of wealthy landowners whose power and influence would spread during the most of the next two centuries. .
Many New England colonists believed that religion, and especially Christianity in its various forms, should be an integral part of the education of all children. To this end, parents taught their children to read the Bible and strove to follow its interpretations of its teachings. However, New England towns established the first public high schools, where young people were taught Latin, mathematics, speech writing, and other subjects necessary for vocational training or to secure a useful career. Confidence, pragmatism, diligence and adherence to Christian theology. Higher education was private and reserved for the wealthy few who could send their young people abroad to study.
Many girls, on the other hand, learned to read but were not initially allowed to attend secondary school, but were encouraged to be obedient, chaste, and domestic.
SIMPLE SCHOOLS OF ONE ROOMthey were the norm for most secondary schools, often located in small towns or at large crossroads in the countryside. Heating came from large fireplaces and, later, from cast-iron stoves.
LEHRERthey often had few tools and little formal training.
Since the teachers were not well trained, the students spent most of their time reciting and memorizing the lessons. All classes were taught simultaneously by one teacher in one room, sometimes with up to seventy students in a single classroom. The brochures were generally shared among the students. Chalk and practice boards were also shared. The students wrote with pens in notebooks, which were sometimes made at home. The first schools did not have tables or chairs. Instead, students sat on backless chairs or benches or, failing that, on the floor. The smaller and younger students sat in the front, while the older and taller students sat further back.
Connecticut introduced the six-month first school year. Boys generally attended school only in the winter months when they had less farm work to do, while girls and younger boys attended school in the summer. The students were between four and twenty years old. Because children were still seen as the main contributors to their families' economic well-being, they did not attend school if their parents forced them to work at home, and most had daily chores to do before and after the school day.
The center of family activity in colonial houses was the kitchen. With its large hearth and hearth, it was the busiest and warmest room in the house.
OVENMost of the cooking utensils were cast iron. Large teapots can be very heavy. The pots were sometimes fitted with legs so that they could be placed directly on the fire. Some colonial kitchens had wood stoves. To place roasts in the oven, a long, flat blade called a "shell" was used.
This is a typical fireplace in the colonial settlement of Jamestown. What you see in this photo is half of the entire cabin/house.
The first fireplaces were simply places to build a fire. There may be an opening in the wall or ceiling to let the smoke out. A smoke hood was later added to direct smoke up and away from the room and eventually the chimney evolved into what we call a chimney today.
The women often began cooking their daily meals before dawn, as it took hours to prepare. They built wood fires in the hearth, carried water into the house in wooden buckets, gathered vegetables from the gardens, milked cows, collected eggs, or hung and salted fresh meat for salting. The big breakfasts were only served after the other members of the family had finished their morning chores. Generally, the main meal of the day was served in the afternoon.
When the duties of fame did not concern them, the men trapped, fished, and hunted. The meat was usually boiled, grilled over an open fire, or cooked into stews. Colonial families also kept domestic animals to provide milk and eggs for their families and grew their own fruits, vegetables, and grains. They also learned to use herbs like thyme, sage, marjoram, and dill that grow in the surrounding desert. Natural fruits and berries were also harvested at appropriate times of the year. Waste was considered a sin.
American colonists got their food from a variety of places.
People who lived on the Atlantic coast used to catch whales that they fished and hunted. They sold fish and fat in the markets, which were usually located on the docks. Over time, whaling became a major industry along the East Coast. Giant sperm whales were especially prized for their reserves of natural oils, which were used as lubricants in developing industries. Before the development of refined petroleum in the 19th century, whale oil was burned in lamps around the world due to its ability to produce a bright, clear white light.
Unlike the southern colonies, where the climate and terrain favored the development of large plantations devoted to the production of a single cash crop, New England settlers and farmers in the middle colonies grew a variety of crops on small plots. of land, wheat, barley, corn, rice, and tobacco grew in abundance and served as the basis for barter and trade between the colonies and Europe. The dominance of inland waterways facilitated this trade.
TYPES OF FOOD
The colonists loved sweets and desserts.
Tortas, cobblers, and cakes were commonly served at the end of a meal. Apple Tansey was the favorite. This sugary dessert was made with apples covered in a sauce of beaten eggs, cream, nutmeg, and sugar. Maple syrup was used to sweeten food, especially popcorn. Various teas were made from the native roots and leaves. Cider was made from peaches or apples and became a popular alcoholic drink. The settlers also drank locally brewed beers and ales.
Winter famine was much feared and unfortunately all too common, especially when unprepared for the long, harsh winters that characterize the mid-Atlantic region across Canada. Therefore, it was very important that food supplies be prepared for the winter months. The meat was pickled, salted, or slowly smoked for storage. Apples, peaches, and pumpkins were peeled, sliced, and hung to dry. Canning in tins or jars, or placing in wooden barrels filled with brine were common methods of long-term food storage. Roots, tubers, potatoes, and other staple foods were stored in underground cellars, well below the deadly frost line.
The colonists made much of their clothing from wool, linen, and tanned animal skins. The colonists grew flax to make flax yarn and raised sheep for wool production. Clothing was usually limited to two sets, one for each day and one for Sunday. Everyone in the family worked on clothes. The children gathered berries and roots to make dyes to dye yarn. The colonists liked colorful clothing. Yellow, red, purple, and blue were her favorite colors. The yarn was sometimes dyed with currants and used to make bright red capes for women and girls.
Women and girls spin on pedal-powered spinning wheels. The girls were encouraged to learn how to knit socks, hats and warm winter clothing. Boys and men also made hand weaving on home looms, with which women and girls sewed clothes for an entire family.
CLOTHING AND THE WORD “UNDER”…In the 18th century, “undressing” referred to functional, everyday work clothes. Many of the items below are "trash" rather than more formal.
MEN wore long stockings and knee-length trousers called breeches, linen blouses, and long button-up waistcoats similar to today's waistcoats, and over this a long woolen coat with a slit in the back to allow riding.
Sometimes they used WIGS made of human, goat or horse hair. A person's social status could be determined by whether they were "big wig" rich, a term that survives to this day, or whether they were considered poor by the condition of their powdered common string wig.
UP TO THE FIVE BOYSthey used to dress the same as girls in baggy dresses. After the age of five, the children wore clothing similar to their father's.
In the second half of the 18th century, there was a philosophical movement towards less restrictive clothing for boys.
At the same ageNIÑAthey were previously encouraged to dress more like grown women. In the mid-18th century, the concept of dressing children as "little adults" began to give way to clothing specifically tailored to their needs. By the 1760s, girls and boys not yet wearing breeches wore more comfortable white cotton or linen dresses with lace-up backs and plunging necklines, rather than form-fitting dresses similar to those worn by adult women. and they were often adorned with wide, colored sashes around the waist.
In the late 17th century boys began to wear suits with trousers instead of breeches, a fashion that caught on some twenty years before it was accepted as evening wear by adult men. Throughout the century, the period in which a boy changes from skirt to pants, known as "trousers", occurs between the ages of three and seven and symbolizes his first step towards becoming a "little man".
A stripped mobster hat (casual); it became popular in the 1730s and was used in some form until the next century. It featured a puffy crown set high at the nape, a deep, flat brim that encircled the face, and frayed side panels like short lobes that could be left loose, pinned, or tied under the chin. The flat edge was usually wavy or pointed.
Ashift was the underwear worn by children and women. It served the same purpose as the man's shirt. It was made of various qualities of white linen and featured a plain cord or collar and cords or cuffs at the elbows. It can be solid color or lace.
To accentuate their feminine curves, wealthy women sometimes wore corsets with whalebones sewn on. These hardened slips were then tied tightly to tuck into the waist. Working-class women did not wear these undergarments because they made daily work impossible.
BABIES of both sexes sometimes used a small soft pillow tied with a ribbon around their bodies to prevent them from falling off. Such pillows were called "pudding".
The image of the shoe is one of elegant shoes, not utilitarian nudity.
Shoes were made of silk, wool, or leather. Depending on the current fashion, they may or may not have high heels. They were fastened with brooches, brackets or, when they were very useful, with ribbons. there was no right or left, and the shoes offered little to no support.
DO YOU HAVE A COLONIAL THEME IN YOUR SCHOOL, CLASSROOM OR AFTER SCHOOL?
Let the children come with colonial clothes... the photo on the right is made with clothes made by the same children of this century.
All costumes can be made inexpensively out of clothes you already have at home. Below are some guidelines for your basic outfit. If you choose to dress up as a crafter, you can add additional clothing items such as aprons, scarves, or hats.
Costume Ideas for Dressing as a Colonial Person:
make a hat
- Boys must wear shorts (shorts) and a loose-fitting white button-down shirt. Pants can be made from old pants, cut to the knee and tucked into a cuff. Baseball pants are another alternative. (When my son was younger and needed to dress for a Colonial theme, we only had dark sweatpants with an elasticated ankle. They hit just below the knee. Barb)
- White soccer socks must reach the waist of the pants.
- A vest was also commonly worn over the shirt.
- Children should also wear shoes, not sneakers, to complete their costumes.
- Girls must wear a long skirt and a plain or patterned blouse or dress.
- Girls may also wear a white apron and cap, depending on their profession.
- Girls should also wear shoes, not sneakers, to complete the costume.
Although American settlers had parks in their communities, they were not like the parks of today, where children play in well-kept playgrounds. Rather, they resembled the smaller squares around which many European cities developed.
In colonial America, these centralized parks were called "commons" because they were collectively maintained by members of the local community. Unlike its cobbled European counterpart, public areas in colonial America consisted of large grassy mounds that usually contained a natural source of water.
Cattle used to graze in the community. The common also contained the town meeting house or town hall. Commons were particularly popular in the New England colonies. In fact, Boston, Massachusetts still has its original old commons at the heart of its modern metropolis.
Other great sites:
- farm themed games for kids
- winter indoor activities
- that i am riddles and answers